Many people may look forward to the day when their loved one experiences a complete recovery from a traumatic brain injury. However, brain injuries may sometimes have long-term effects on people.
While many family members may expect their loved ones to recover swiftly, this may not be the case. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a brain injury can still affect people several years after their accident. One study reports that after five years, 22% of people did not experience either a positive or a negative change in their condition. Additionally, 30% experienced worse health. The changes that people experience can affect their ability to perform daily tasks.
Changes in cognitive abilities
According to Brainline.org, a traumatic brain injury may affect a person’s cognition. Some people may take longer to process information and form sentences. Others may have difficulty recalling information or concentrating on tasks. Sometimes, people may find it more difficult to think abstractly or put plans together.
Changes in emotions and social behavior
Some people may experience emotional changes that also affect their behavior. People may feel depressed or apathetic or find that they feel irritable. Others may experience rapid emotional changes. In some situations, people may exhibit dependent behaviors.
Both cognitive and behavioral changes can make it difficult for people to return to their normal routines. People may be unable to perform their jobs or their emotional changes may leave them unable to return to their usual work environment. Sometimes, people may be unable to take part in their usual social activities. While family members may be ready to return to their normal lives, they may sometimes need to adjust to a new normal.